BRITISH FIELD ARTILLERY
Calibre. 76.2mm (3.0ins) Weight in action 1014kg (2235 lb) Gun length 24 calibre 1.86m (73.23 ins) Elevation -5 to+16 degrees Traverse 8degrees Shell type and weight - Shrapnel 5.67kg (12.5lb) Muzzle velocity 510m/sec (2673 ft/sec) Maz range 5395m (5900yards.)
Developed, like the 18 pounder gun, in 1904 after the South African War. It became the standard Royal Horse Artillery gun for cavalry support. Once trench warfare became static it was withdrawn because of its short range, and was converted for anti-aircraft work. Used today for ceremonial and display purposes.
The measurement in pounds comes from the use of cannonballs of different weights back in the days of Nelson. Guns to fire the different sizes of shot also became known as 9, 16, or 32 pounders. The weight itself was retained in the 20th Century, but by that time the shape of the shell had altered greatly- as had the gun to fire it
The 18 pounder gun was introduced in 1904, after the South African War. It used a pole trail, a hydro-spring recoil system, and interrupted screw breech, fired a fixed round of ammunition, and had a shield to protect the gunners. By 1914 it was the standard field gun. Calibre 83.3mm (3.3ins) Weight in action 1284 kg. (2831 lb) Length 2.46 meters (96.5 ins.) Elevation -5 to +16 degrees. Traverse 8 degrees. Shell type, shrapnel, weight 8.40 kg. (18.5 lb) Muzzle velocity 493m/ (1614 ft/sec) Max range 8700m (9515 yards)